In this tutorial, you will learn how to install Prometheus and Grafana to collect data from your servers using Node Exporter.
Prometheus Node Exporter provides hardware and OS metrics of the host system.
Prometheus is the database where all the metrics are stored. It is also the software that collects the metrics provided by the exporters over HTTP.
Grafana visualizes the collected data. It is basically the frontend for the Prometheus database, but supports many other databases as well.
Node Exporter collects the system data and provides it in a format that Prometheus can read. This exporter should be installed on all hosts. There are two ways to install the Node Exporter:
With this method, you will most likely not install the latest available version of Node Exporter, but this should be sufficient for most setups.
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install -y prometheus-node-exporter
With this method, you can install any version you want, including the latest version with the latest features and bugfixes.
All available versions can be found on the release page: https://github.com/prometheus/node_exporter/releases
wget https://github.com/prometheus/node_exporter/releases/download/v1.2.2/node_exporter-1.2.2.linux-amd64.tar.gz tar xf node_exporter-1.2.2.linux-amd64.tar.gz cd node_exporter-1.2.2.linux-amd64 ./node_exporter &
Prometheus pulls the metrics from the Node Exporter and stores the data in its database.
sudo apt-get install -y prometheus
Check if Prometheus was installed successfully by opening the server IP followed by port 9090 in your browser:
Now the Node Exporter targets must be configured in the Prometheus server. The configuration is stored in
Add the following "job_name" to your "scrape_configs" and replace "ip-of-other-server" with the IP address of your second server:
scrape_configs: - job_name: "node_exporter" metrics_path: "/metrics" static_configs: - targets: - "localhost:9100" - "ip-of-other-server:9100"
If you have more servers, just add them to the "Targets" list one by one. To apply the configuration changes, the Prometheus service must be restarted.
sudo systemctl restart prometheus.service
Use systemctl to check the status of the service.
sudo systemctl status prometheus.service
Prometheus now automatically scrapes Node Exporter endpoints periodically on all configured targets and stores the metrics in its database.
Grafana is used to visualize the metrics collected and stored by the Prometheus service.
First you need to add the external Grafana apt repository:
sudo apt-get install -y apt-transport-https sudo apt-get install -y software-properties-common wget wget -q -O - https://packages.grafana.com/gpg.key | sudo apt-key add - echo "deb https://packages.grafana.com/oss/deb stable main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/grafana.list
Then you can install Grafana itself:
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install -y grafana
Use systemctl to check the status of the service.
sudo systemctl status grafana-server.service
Grafana can easily be configured through a web interface. It is reachable on port 3000 with the following default credentials:
After the first login you are forced to change the password. Make sure to pick a strong password.
To configure Prometheus as a metrics data source, click on the settings on the left side and select "Data sources":
Then select "Prometheus" as "Time series databases":
Now you can enter "http://localhost:9090" as URL and save the data source.
The community publishes a lot of dashboards on grafana.com: https://grafana.com/grafana/dashboards/?search=node+exporter&dataSource=prometheus
For example, pick the Node Exporter Full dashboard and copy the ID on the left side. To import the dashboard, switch back to your Grafana installation and select "Import" after hovering on the "+" on the left side:
Paste the ID you just copied, click the "Load" button and then finally import your dashboard.
After the successful import, the dashboards display the metrics stored in your Prometheus database.
By following the instructions in this tutorial, you have installed the Prometheus Node Exporter on two servers that provide metrics collected by the Prometheus installation. Grafana visualizes the data collected from your two servers. If you need more data from different applications, you can expand this setup in the future with new exporters and dashboards.
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